The Concept of the Purpose of Philosophy in the Tractates of Józef Gołuchowski
The article is a continuation of the analysis of the ideas of Józef Gołuchowski, a philosopher of Polish origin, who briefly taught at Vilnius University in the early 19th century. This article examines the statements on the purpose of philosophy in his tractates: “An outlook on Mathematics through its influence on human education”, “On the role of the Philosophy in the life of entire nations and individual persons“ and the tractate which was submitted in 1821 to contest the seat of professor of philosophy at Vilnius University. We compare the ideas of Friedrich Schelling and our author, discuss Goluchowski's beliefs about the relationship of philosophy with religion and science, reconstruct the arguments why philosophy, which does not provide direct benefits, is significant and even necessary for society.
Key Words: Gołuchowski, Schelling, concept of philosophy, life, eternal origin of Being