Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania
Scholastic Logic in Lithuania: Structure, Object and Form
This text continues a cycle of articles devoted to general topics of scholastic logic in Lithuania. The first article of the cycle (Valatka 2020) investigated the beginning of the above mentioned logic and analyzed the its method and argumentation technique. This article, in turn, analyzes structure, object and form of scholastic logic in Lithuania. The author of the article concentrates on the object of the parts of this logic, namely, minor logic, or dialectics, and major logic. The article comes to conclusion that both dialectics and major logic regarded three operations of human intellect (apprehension, proposition and reasoning) as its proper object. Dialectics was interested in the forms of these operations; therefore this part of scholastic logic can be considered a certain equivalent of modern formal logic. Meanwhile, major logic concentrated on contents of those operations. Hence, we can understand it as the scholastic theory of cognition. The article also concludes that works of scholastic logic in Lithuania were not independent and authentic texts. Due to role of authorities in scholastic method, treatises, manuals, logic courses were commentaries on the treatises of Aristotle and the other authorities of scholastic logic in the spirit of certain scholastic trends or even eclecticism.
Key Words: dialectics, major logic, apprehension, proposition, reasoning, Aristotle