The Meaning of Ideas in the Tractates of Józef Gołuchowski
The article is a continuation of the analysis of Józef Gołuchowski’s tractates “On the role of the Philosophy in the life of entire nations and individual persons” and that one which was submitted in 1821 to contest the seat of professor of philosophy at Vilnius University. We look into his concept of the ideas as an eternal foundation of reality and his interpretation of its immediate insight. The term of “idea” has a Kantian meaning in the Contest Tractate and then the meaning acquires Schellingian features. Nevertheless, there are differences of Schellingian and Gołuchowski’s concepts of the significance of ideas for the just state. We point to the similarities of tropes in the Tractate on the role of the philosophy to ones used in Plato’s “Republic” and argue that Gołuchowski’s usage of the term of “idea” might be comprehended as his intention to return to its Platonic meaning.
Key Words: Schelling, Plato, Immanuel Kant, state, intellectual intuition